General information – field walking
During the project week field walking (or if you like “plough walking”) will be in the centre of interest and we will dedicate more than 50% of the project’s time to this. In the past month we tried to create a “new” methodological framework for this project, where we combined the experiences of Polish AZP and Hungarian MRT (Archaeological Topography of Hungary) and in the mean time new ideas were added to these. During the Workshop with cooperation with the Czech, Polish and Slovakian partners, we want to create a method which utilizes the GPS systems and its advantages and also allows to separate different archaeological ages and periods within one site (basically it is half way between classical grid systems and usual site identification methods). But what is also important, the method should be reflecting the to the current economical situation, therefore it will be time- and cost-efficient. So in general, the method will be developed for regional settlement pattern studies, read from information collected at archaeological landscapes. So far this “virtual grid” system has been tested by Eötvös Loránd University in the Polgár-region, north-east of Hungary.
The sites and other methods
To keep up the continuity between the currently used field walking methods in the Visegrad countries and our method, we have chosen a multi-age site in the area, which will be studied with classical 25×25 m grid survey, and with the newly-developed method, too. Details are still under harmonization, but it will take place at the second part of the week.
We already have selected a few sites, which will be studied with geophysics and aerial photography. These are mostly structures, like Medieval churches, Roman villas and a hillfort. We also hope that during the field survey we will identify and localize new sites which can be investigated with these methods.
One more extra research will be inserted into our schedule, in a small area we will test whether it is possible to detect pottery and artefacts from a low-flying airplane with multispectral images. Moreover, as a by-product, this flight will contribute to the project with a quite accurate Digital Surface Model at some areas.
More info about the methods will follow…